Nuclear Energy is created
in nuclear plants with use of the element U-235, or Uranium 235 in the form of pellets. The pellets are submerged in
water inside a pressure vessel. The water is used as a coolant. In order for the reaction to take place the uranium
must become slightly super critical. When it is supercritical this means that if it was to stay in there without the watch
of a person, it would melt.
To prevent the uranium
from melting there are control rods that absorb neutrons. This allows the operator to control how much nuclear
reaction goes on inside the reactor. This allows the operator to control how much heat the reaction creates.
In side of a nuclear
power plant a neutron is shot at a U-235 atom. The neutron causes the nucleolus of the atom to split. When this
happens a large amount of energy and radiation is released. Once the first nucleolus is split it starts a chain reaction.
reaction causes steam. Just like with the fossil fuels steam rotates the rotor, and the current gets taken by the